Capespan UK

Kids' Corner

Fruit Types

Tropical and Exotic

Banana
Mango
Pineapple

Fruit-Vegetables

Cucumber
Tomato
Green and Hot Pepper
Avocado

Citrus

Lemon
Grapefruit
Orange
Tangerine
Pomelo
Easy peelers
Lime

Citrus

  • Citrus grew in Asia 20 million years ago
  • Citrus was first mentioned in literature in 2400 BC
  • The first varieties of citrus were bitter and not edible
  • Citrus is the most widely grown crop in the world and Brazil produces the largest amount of oranges and grapefruit in the world
  • British sailors used to be called ‘Limeys’ because they ate citrus to prevent scurvy on long sea voyages
  • If you plant a single seed from an orange, you will probably get more than one plant growing from it

Berries and small fruit

Strawberry
Raspberry
Huckleberry
Grapes
Currant

Strawberries

  • Strawberries were cultivated in ancient Rome
  • In the 13th century, strawberries were used as a medicinal herb
  • Strawberries aren’t really a fruit or a berry but the enlarged receptacle of the flower
  • An average strawberry has around 200 seeds
  • Strawberries are a member of the rose family
  • Strawberries were first cultivated in about the 16th and 17th centuries

Tree fruit

Apple
Apricot
Cherry
Peach
Nectarine
Fig
Pear

Peaches

  • Peaches were once known as Persian apples
  • “You're a real peach” originated from the tradition of giving a peach to the friend you liked
  • Peaches were mentioned as early as 79 AD in literature
  • There are more than 700 varieties of peaches
  • Peaches are referred to as ‘stone’ fruit due to their pits
  • In China, the peach is a symbol of longevity and good luck

Apples

  • Apples are a member of the rose family
  • Apples float in water because they’re 25% air
  • Apple blossoms are usually pink when they open but gradually fade to white
  • Apples are fat-, sodium-, and cholesterol-free
  • Apples ripen six to ten times faster at room temperature than if they were refrigerated
  • Archaeologists believe that humans have been enjoying apples since at least 6500 BC
  • All apples have five seed pockets, each with a seed
  • It takes the energy from 50 leaves to produce one apple
  • Pomology is the science of growing apples
  • To get the full value of an apple, it should be eaten unpeeled as the valuable acids and salt are in and just below the skin

Pears

  • It’s said that pears were used as food by Stone Age people
  • There are more than 3 000 varieties of pears
  • Pears were nicknamed ‘butter fruit’ in the early 1700s because of their soft, melting texture
  • You can make furniture with pear wood
  • Pears are a member of the rose family
  • Pears are a good source of vitamin C and fiber
  • Pears ripen better off the tree - from the inside out
  • Pear trees can live a 100 years, but in orchards they’re usually replaced after 30 or 40 years

Grapes

  • There are more than 60 species and 8 000 varieties of grapes all over the world
  • The grape appears in the top ten of the world’s favourite fruits
  • Grapes are botanically classed as berries
  • One grape cluster has 75 grapes on average
  • Grapes help minimise the risk of heart attacks because they increase the levels of nitric acid in the blood which prevents blood clots
  • Grapes are used to help cure asthma indigestion, migraine, kidney disease and fatigue
  • Grapes contain low levels of cholesterol, sodium and fat and are rich in vitamins K and C
  • Also, grapes are a rich source of micronutrient minerals such as copper, iron and manganese
  • Grapes consist of about 80% water – the ideal low-calorie snack or dessert

Melons

Watermelon
Sweet Melon
Papaya
Casaba

Nuts

Peanuts
Almonds
Hazelnuts
Chestnuts
Macadamia nuts
Groundnuts
Olives

Eat fruit

  • The importance of eating fruit and vegetables

  • They’re 100% bad cholesterol-free
  • They’re delicious!
  • They contain bucket loads of vitamins and minerals
  • They’re rich in fibre
  • Eating 5 servings of fruit and vegetables daily may reduce the risk of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes. A serving equals one half of a cup.
  • Tomatoes are very high in the carotenoid Lycopene and eating foods with carotenoids can lower the risk of cancer. Also, scientists at Cornell University have identified two cancer-fighting substances in the tomato: P-courmaric and chlorogenic acids. In addition, tomatoes are a good source of vitamins A and C.
  • Strawberries are very high in vitamin C, potassium and antioxidants.
  • Other vegetables high in carotenoids are carrots, spinach, sweet potatoes and collard greens.
  • There’s more fibre in an orange than in most other fruits and veggies

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